Alix von Hessen und bei Rhein
Alix of Hesse and by Rhine [married name Alexandra Feodorovna Romanova] (1872-1918), Empress consort of Russia. Alix was granddaughter to Queen Victoria, and the younger sister of Victoria Mountbatten. She is remembered now as the last Tsaritsa of Russia, and for her notorious friendship with the Russian mystic Grigori Rasputin. In 1889, aged 17, despite familial pressure, Alix refused a proposal from Prince Eddy [Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence, the eldest son of the Prince of Wales]. Queen Victoria had wanted her grandchildren to marry. Despite Tzar Alexander 3rd opposition to his son marrying Alix (because she was minor German royalty and a devout Protestant) in April 1894, Nicholas proposed. Queen Victoria actually persuaded Alix to accept Nicholas and convert to Russian Orthodoxy. In May 1894 the couple travelled to England to stay for a few weeks with Alix's eldest sister at Elm Grove, Walton-on-Thames.