[Joseph] Austen Chamberlain
Sir [Joseph] Austen Chamberlain, (1863-1937) statesman. Austen Chamberlain was born in Birmingham, the eldest son of the wealthy industrialist and politician Joseph Chamberlain. Austen Chamberlain's reputation rests on his work as Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs from 1924 to 1929, and in particular on his part in the Locarno Pact of 1925. Chamberlain responded to the German Chancellor, Gustav Stresemann's request for Britain to guarantee Germany's western borders. Chamberlain drafted much of the Locarno Pact with d'Abernon at Esher Place, before Chamberlain met Stresemann and Aristide Briand of France in Locarno in October 1925 to sign a mutual agreement to settle all future differences between the 3 nations by peaceful arbitration and not war. In 1925 Chamberlain received the Nobel Peace Prize.