Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales
Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (1594-1612), Protestant prince, eldest son of James 1st. To avoid the plague, and to keep Henry from his mother's influence, in 1603 James removed Henry to Oatlands Palace, under the governorship of Sir Thomas Chaloner. He surrounded Henry with a retinue of teachers and companions. Two portraits, painted by Robert Peake [the elder] at Oatlands depict the heir apparent as an athletic young hunter with a slain deer. By 1604 Queen Anne forced the dissolution of Oatlands, leading Henry to live a peripatetic childhood between Nonsuch, Richmond, and St James, and giving Anne constant access to him. Henry became a major patron of the arts. Having survived the 'Gunpowder Plot' of November 1605, he became an avowed enemy of Roman Catholicism, actively tracking down recusants. But he would have undoubtedly adopted policies more agreeable to Parliament than those his younger brother Charles adopted, and perhaps prevented the English Civil War.