Henry Pelham (1694-1754), Prime Minister. Pelham was close to his only surviving brother, Thomas Pelham Holles, who, in 1715, was created Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne inheriting their uncle's great estate. In 1729 Henry purchased Esher Place, because it was adjacent to his brother's estate at Claremont. He employed William Kent to renovate the house and gardens as a family country retreat. Kent demolished most of the Tudor mansion. In 1805, John Spicer, a wealthy stockbroker, who built the current Esher Place, demolished Pelham's house to build the current Palladian-style mansion.