Thomas Chaloner [the younger]
Sir Thomas Chaloner [the younger] (1563/4-1615), chemist and courtier. Managed Queen Anne's private estate until the King appointed him governor to his eldest son, Henry, in 1603, with instructions to form Henry's household at Oatlands into a 'courtly college'. Supposedly, no one was allowed in the prince's company without Chaloner's consent. Chaloner is perhaps most notable as a chemist, and for his alum mines at Guisborough. Two of his sons Thomas and James Chaloner became strong opponents of royal government in the 1640s, and were implicated in the execution of Charles 1st after the Civil War.