W.S. [William Schwenck] Gilbert
Sir W.S. [William Schwenck] Gilbert (1836-1911) dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator. Writer of seventy-five plays and libretti, numerous stories, poems, lyrics, and other comic and serious pieces, including 'The Bab Ballads', an anthology of light verse illustrated with his own comic drawings. In 'The Bab Ballads' Gilbert developed his famous 'topsy-turvy' style, where a ridiculous premise is pursued to logical-but-absurd ends, using cynical, satirical humour. 'Bab' was Gilbert's childhood nickname, and how he signed his illustrations. Gilbert financed the Garrick Theatre in 1889.